The inside lining of a healthy mouth is typically smooth and pink. Any changes in its appearance or texture may signal a pathological process, or underlying disease, which could be as serious as oral cancer. It's important to evaluate any changes or complaints such as white or red patches, sores that don't heal or bleed easily, lumps and bumps, or thickening of the inside of the mouth - and to routinely check for symptoms so that diseases can be diagnosed and treated early.
After a review of your medical history and a thorough examination, taking a sample or biopsy of tissue may be recommended. A biopsy is the surgical removal of a small piece of suspicious tissue for microscopic examination. Biopsies are taken in the office with local anesthesia. The specimen is sent to an outside laboratory to be evaluated by an oral pathologist. A post-operative appointment will allow Dr. Pennau to go over the results and, if necessary, facilitate future treatments.